Reprinted from The Blood Type Diet Website (

Tofu and Pumpkin Seed Burgers
61 votes


This is a high-protein burger adapted from Didi Emmons' 'Vegetarian Planet'.

Best Used By Blood Types:
  • Type A (9 beneficials)
  • Type A Non Secretor (5 beneficials)
  • Type AB (4 beneficials)
  • Type AB Non Secretor (4 beneficials)
  • Type O (4 beneficials)
  • Entree
  • 4 slices stale or toasted sandwich bread [compliant is best]
  • 1-1/2 cups cooked, drained and rinsed adzuki beans (or black beans)
  • 1/3 cup hulled, unsalted pumpkin seeds, toasted 6 to 8 minutes in a 350 degree oven
  • 1 pound firm tofu
  • 1 teaspoon cumin seeds
  • 2 Tablespoons grated fresh ginger
  • 1 large garlic clove, minced
  • 2 Tablespoons miso paste
  • 3/4 cup minced onion
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt (to taste)
  • fresh ground black pepper to taste
  • 1 to 2 Tablespoons canola oil
How to make it:
  1. Chop the bread into fine pieces and whirl it to crumbs in a food processor.
  2. Coarsely chop or mash the beans.
  3. Coarsely chop the toasted pumpkin seeds.
  4. Combine the beans, bread crumbs and pumpkin seeds in a large bowl.
  5. Cut the tofu into four pieces; squeeze each piece with your hand, letting the crumbled tofu fall into the bowl of mashed beans.
  6. Toast the cumin seeds in a small skillet over low heat; stirring until they become fragrant.
  7. Add the ginger, garlic, cumin, miso and onion to the bowl with the beans and tofu.
  8. Mix everything together with your hands.
  9. Mix in the salt and pepper.
  10. The mixture should be stiff enough to form a patty.
  11. If the mixture still seems a little wet, add more bread crumbs.
  12. Form the mixture into patties.
  13. Heat a large skillet over medium high heat.
  14. Cast iron works better than non-stick skillets.
  15. Add 1 Tablespoon oil to skillet.
  16. Place as many burgers in the skillet as you can without crowding them.
  17. Pan fry the burgers, in batches, until the undersides are a deep golden brown.
  18. This usually takes 3 to 4 minutes.
  19. Flip the burgers and cook them about 3 to 4 minutes more.
  20. Serve the burgers right away.
  21. I like to put the burger on a hard roll with a little mustard, lettuce and mozzarella cheese.

BTD Core Ingredients Analysis:

NameNotesA SecA NonABSecABNonB SecB NonO SecO Non
Onion (Red/Spanish/Yellow/Whit...1 ,2 B B N N N B B B
Garlic1 ,2 B N B B N B N B
Miso1 B B B N A A N A
Tofu (Soy Cake)1 ,2 ,3 B N B N A A N A
Ginger2 B B N B B B B B
Pumpkin Seed/Pumpkin Seed Butt...2 B B A A A N B B
Pepper (Black/ Peppercorn) Fre...2 A N A N A N N N
Cumin  N N N N N N N N
Sea Salt2 N N N N N N N N

BTD Variations and Substitutions Analysis:

Bean/Legume Product(s)
NameNotesA SecA NonABSecABNonB SecB NonO SecO Non
Black Bean2 B N A A A A N N
Adzuki Beans- B N A A A A B N
Pinto Bean- B B B B A A A N

Oil Product(s)
NameNotesA SecA NonABSecABNonB SecB NonO SecO Non
Canola Oil2 N N N N A A N A

Dairy Product(s)
NameNotesA SecA NonABSecABNonB SecB NonO SecO Non
Ghee (Clarified Butter)2 N N N B N B N N

[1] This recipe uses ingredients rich in lignans.
[2] This recipe uses ingredients which may help limit bacterial overgrowth.
[3] This recipe uses ingredients which are high in phytates.

  • This recipe is low in common allergens.
  • This recipe is gluten free.
  • This recipe uses ecologically friendly ingredients.

    If an ingredient is an avoid for your blood type, then try using a BTD compliant variant/substitute or leaving the item out of the recipe.

    Please Note:
    When using any recipe, always check it for avoids and make the appropriate adjustments where necessary. The Blood Type Diet Recipe Database has been recently greatly enhanced. Also, the food lists changed somewhat a couple of years ago, and all recipes in the database may not reflect those changes in terms of the blood types for which the recipes are recommended. Volunteer Blood Type Diet Forums Members are working to review and update all the recipes to take advantage of the all the new features and food lists. Please be patient with us until the process has been completed.

    Revision History:
    • Revised Oct 16, 2011 at 05:00 PM By: Joe