Cartilage

a soft, elastic tissue that composes most of the skeleton of vertebrate embryos and except for a small number of structures is replaced by bone during ossification in the higher vertebrates. Cartilage cushions joints, connects muscles with bones, and makes up other parts of the body such as the larynx (voice box) and the outside portion of the ears. 




INDEX OF DEFINITIONS
ABO antibodies ABO blood group system AIDS
AI ATP Acetylation
Acid food Acidic Acute
Adjunct Adrenal glands Agglutinate
Alkaline Allele Alzheimer's disease
Amino acids Anaerobic Analog
Anemia Anencephaly Angina pectoris
Angiography (coronary) Ankylosing spondylitis Antagonist
Anti-streptolysin O Antibodies Anticoagulant
Anticonvulsant Antigen Antihistamine
Antioxidant Antiresorptive agents Asthma
Astrocytoma Ataxia Atherosclerosis
Atrophic gastritis Atrophy Autoimmune disease
Autosomal dominant Autosomal recessive Bacteria
Balance study Barrett's esophagus Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Bi-polar disorder Bile acids Bile
Biliary cirrhosis Bioavailable Biomarker
Biotechnology Blinded study Bone mineral density (BMD)
Buffer CREST syndrome Caffeine
Calcification Calories Cancer
Carbohydrate Carcinogenic embryonic antigen (CEA) Carcinogenic
Carcinoid syndrome Cardiomyopathy Cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular Carnitine Case control study
Case reports Catalyze Cataract
Catecholamines Celiac disease Cell membrane
Cell signaling Cerebrospinal fluid Cerebrovascular disease
Cholecystitis Cholestatic liver disease Cholesterol
Cholinergic Chromosome Chronic disease
Cirrhosis Clone Coagulation
Cognitive Cold agglutinins Collagenous matrix (of bone)
Colon Colorectal adenoma Complement
Congestive heart failure (CHF) Controlled experiment Cornea
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) Coronary artery Coronary heart disease (CHD)
Corticosteroid Cortisol Creatine phosphate
Crohn's disease Cross-sectional study Cystic fibrosis (CF)
Cystitis Cytochrome P-450 Cytokine
DEXA DNA DRI
De novo synthesis Decarboxylation Dementia
Dental caries Depletion-repletion study Dermatitis
Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) Diabetic ketoacidosis Diastolic blood pressure
Differentiation Diffusion Dimer
Diuretic Double blind Duodenal ulcer
Dysbiosis E. coli: O157:H7 EAR
Echocardiography Electroencephalogram (EEG) Electrolytes
Electron transport chain Electron Element
Enamel Endocrine system Enzyme
Epidemiologic study Esophagus Etiology
Excretion Factor VIII Familial adenomatous polyposis
Fats Fatty acid Fortification
Fracture Free radical Fructose
GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) GTP Gall bladder
Gallstones Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) Gastrointestinal
Gene Genome Gluconeogenesis
Glucose Glycogen Grains
HDL HIV Hartnup's disease
Heme Hemodialysis Hemoglobin
Hemolysis Hemolytic anemia Hemorrhage
Hepatitis Hereditary spherocytosis Heterodimer
Heterozygous Homocysteine Homodimer
Homologous Homozygous Hormone
Hydrogenation Hydroxyapatite Hydroxylation
Hyperparathyroidism Hyperthyroidism Hypoparathyroidism
Hypothyroidism In vitro In vivo
Indican Indo-European Insoluble Fiber
Insoluble Insulin Ion channel
Ion Isohemagglutinins Isomers
Jaundice Ketone bodies Kidney stones
LDL Lactose intolerance Lectin
Legumes Lens Leukemia
Lipids Lipoic acid Lipoproteins
Listeria Lp(a) lipoprotein Lumbar spine
Lupus Lymphocyte Macrocytic anemia
Macula Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Malabsorption syndrome
Malaria Malignant Melanin
Meta-analysis Metabolite Methionine
Methylation Migraine headache Minerals
Mitochondria Mucus Multiple sclerosis (MS)
Mutation Myelin Myocardial infarction (MI)
Myocarditis Myoglobin NIH
Naturopathic doctor (ND) Neolithic Neural Tube Defect (NTD)
Neurologic Neuropathy Neurotransmitter
Neutrophils Non-secretor Nucleic acids
Nucleotides Nucleus Observational study
One-carbon unit Onithene decarboxylase (ODC) Optimum health
Organic Osteoblasts Osteoclasts
Osteomalacia Osteoporosis Oxidative stress
PET scan Pancreas Panhemagglutinin
Parathyroid glands Parkinson's disease Pathogen
Peptic ulcer disease Peptide hormones Peripheral vascular diseases
Pernicious anemia Pharmacologic dose Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Phospholipids Phosphorylation Physiologic dose
Phytochemical Placebo Placental abruption
Placenta Plasma Platelet
Pneumonia Polyamines Polymorphism
Polyp Precursor Preeclampsia
Prevalence Prion Prognosis
Proliferation Prooxidant Prospective study
Prostaglandin Prostate Psoriasis
Pyruvate kinase deficiency Quartile Quintile
RDA RNA Randomized design
Reactive nitrogen species (RNS) Reactive oxygen species (ROS) Receptor
Rectum Redox reaction Reduction
Resorption Retina Rheumatoid arthritis
Riboucelotide Rickets Salmonella
Scavenge (free radicals) Scurvy Secretor
Seizure Serotonin Serum
Short bowel syndrome Sickle cell anemia Sideroblastic anemia
Small intestine Sorbitol Spina bifida
Sprue Status Steroid hormone receptor
Steroid Stress fracture Stroke
Substrate Supplement Systolic blood pressure
Tetany Thalassemia major Threshold
Trans fats Transcription Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
Translation Tremor Triglycerides
Tuberculosis Typhoid UL
Ulcerative colitis Ultrasonography Vascular dementia
Vasoconstriction Vasodilation Vegetarian
Vertebral Vesicle Virulent
Virus Vitamin Water
Zoellinger Ellison syndrome mm Hg pH