Here you can search the thousands of posts from our older message boards. Just click on the link for the time period you wish to search and you will be taken to the fill-out form for that volume. You can also click on the 'Return to Index' link and display all the messages in threaded form.
The Blood Type Diet Archives Volume 16
Omega 3, Flax oil and cod liver oil
Posted By: Joachim
Date: Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 2:12 p.m.
I noticed a question by B. Harvey further down, quote:
"I am full of questions today. I take Flax seed oil and use only olive oil in cooking. I was wondering if a cod liver oil supplement was necessary, usefull etc. Anyone have any ideas?"
Harvey, first of all you should not use olive oil for cooking, especially frying. Extra virgin or cold pressed olive oil contains far too many solids, great if used in salads, but when heated they burn and release cancerous and harmful substances. The so-called light olive oil has been refined and was probably hexane extracted, so they are not a good alternative either. Olive oil is only rich in Omega-9, which is nice but won't give you other essential oils so it has to be substituted with other oils.
The only fats safe for frying are Ghee (clarified butter), some of the topical fats such as coconut, palm, and cocoa butter and animal fats such as lard, goose fat etc. Although some vegetable oils and grapessed oil might be ok for frying, IMO they have been overly processed or refined.
Avoid fats high in Omega-6 or polyunsaturated fats because they tend to become oxidized or rancid when subjected to heat, oxygen and moisture as in cooking and processing. Polyunsaturated from vegetable oils derived mostly from soy, as well as from corn, safflower and canola.
Although Sesame Oil contains 42% oleic acid, 15% saturated fat, and 43% omega-6 linoleic acid it can be used for frying because it contains unique antioxidants that are not destroyed by heat. However, again the high percentage of omega-6 militates against exclusive use.
Now back to your question "if a cod liver oil supplement was necessary, useful?" The answer is yes, cod liver oil supplements are useful because Flax Seed oil does not provide all the fatty acids of Omega-3. Most of you think that Omega-3 is one product when in fact it is made up of a number of fatty acids. Flax Seed Oil is rich in alpha-linolenic acid, the most common omega-3 fatty acid. Alpha-linolenic acid is also found in cold water fish, in plants like spinach, kale, romaine lettuce and evening primrose oils. In addition to alpha-linolenic acid, there are two other important omega-3 fatty acids known as EPA and DHA. These fatty acids are found in fish and fish oils, mainly salmon, tuna, and sardines and of course are abundant in cod liver oil. The body has a limited ability to make EPA and DHA from alpha-linolenic acid. However, this process may be further hindered because of excess linoleic (omega-6) fatty acid in many diets. An enzyme called delta-6 desaturase is required to change linoleic (omega-6) into arachidonic acid and to change linolenic (omega-3) into EPA and DHA. Linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids compete against each other for this enzyme. Because there is so much more linoleic (omega-6) acid than linolenic acid (omega-3) in many diets, the enzyme stays busy converting linoleic acid to arachidonic acid. Therefore, the body may not be able to make enough EPA and DHA to maintain good health; and that may be a factor in many of the health problems.
To round of the subject I should also like to mention another important long-chain fatty acid, gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) which is found in evening primrose, borage and black currant oils. Some people can make this very-long-chain fatty acid from EFA's, but others, particularly those whose ancestors ate a lot of fish, lack enzymes to produce them. These people must obtain them from animal foods such as organ meats, egg yolks, butter, fish oils or again, our friend cod liver oil. The most important very-long-chain fatty acids are dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA), arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). All of these except DHA are used in the production of prostaglandins, localized tissue hormones that direct many processes in the cells. In addition, AA and DHA play important roles in the function of the nervous system.
It is diffcult to recommend which oils and fats should be used to substitute your diet because it very much depends on how and what you eat and of course your blood type. If you follow a healthy diet, low in Omega-6 (eliminating many of the common vegetable oils) and eat some fatty fish like wild salmon or sardines like me, I suggest:
1 - 2 Tablespoons of high quality Flax Seed and Borage oil (or evening primrose oil) combination, e.g. available from Barleans or Omega, best taken as lipo-protein with yogurt, quark (if ok for your blood group) etc. I like to add some blackstrap molasses for taste and extra Iron.
1 Tablespoon of cold pressed, "unroasted" and "unrefined" Walnut oil, available from Flora (great balance of Omega-3, Omega6 and Omega-9). Great taste so I add this into my salads + 1 Tablespoon of extra virgin Olive oil.
1 Teaspoon (not Tablespoon) of cod liver oil on days I do not eat fatty fish.
Please note I also use Ghee on Ezekiel bread and for frying and topical oils for frying.
Messages in This Thread
- Omega 3, Flax oil and cod liver oil
Joachim -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 2:12 p.m.
John (AB+) -- Thursday, 31 May 2001, at 12:57 a.m.
How were the cream cakes? nmi
Maggie :-) O+ secretor, infj -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 9:12 p.m.
thanks for response
B.Harvey (A+)NS -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 7:44 p.m.
Olive Oil is bad to use for cooking???
Hazel (0+) -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 7:32 p.m.
Whoa! Wait a minute--I didn't notice the sesame oil bit...
Edna, O+, non, sesame oil devotee -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 3:52 p.m.
products labeled fish oil -- sub for cod liver oil?
ayn -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 3:46 p.m.
Welcome back and tell us about your trip!
Arlene (AB+) -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 3:24 p.m.
Avoiding borage oil, but trying hemp oil instead
Janet, B + sec,MM,INFP,5, pedestrian -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 2:40 p.m.
You're back! You're back! YAY!!!! Weeeeeee!
- Hemp Oil....
Manya (A-) Se -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 3:28 p.m.
Edna, O+, non -- Wednesday, 30 May 2001, at 2:21 p.m.