STUDY: Computer users also more likely to experience physical pain
JOURNAL: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
AUTHORS: Dr. Tetsuya Nakazawa
ABSTRACT: Prolonged daily computer use can make you sore and sap your strength, energy and motivation.
COMMENTARY: Japanese researchers discovered that people who sat in front of computer screens were more likely to experience physical pain such as eye and shoulder strain, and to suffer from motivational symptoms such as lethargy.
Although workers are spending an increasing amount of time in front of their computers, no consistent guidelines exist about how long is safe to sit at a computer screen.
Workers who spent more than five hours per day in front of a computer screen reported significantly higher complaints of sleep-related symptoms and mental stress.
Physical symptoms increase with duration of daily VDT (visual display terminal) use without threshold, while mental- and sleep-related symptoms increase with VDT work of more than five hours per day.
STUDY: Organ may harbor stem-cell reserves
JOURNAL: The New England Journal of Medicine 2002;346:5-15, 55-56
AUTHORS: Dr. Piero Anversa
ABSTRACT: In a study that turns on its head the traditional view that the heart cannot help heal itself, scientists have found evidence that the organ may indeed harbor stem-cell reserves capable of regenerating damaged tissue.
COMMENTARY: Their study of men who received heart transplants from female donors revealed that primitive cells from the recipients migrated into the donor hearts, after which new muscle cells and small blood vessels formed. The researchers were able to pin down the phenomenon by finding a considerable number of cells in the donor heart that bore the Y chromosome--the "male" sex chromosome, which could only have come from the transplant recipients themselves.
Now that there is strong evidence of the heart's regenerative capacity, scientists can study the possibility of harnessing this self-healing potential to treat damaged hearts, according to Anversa.
The study looked at autopsied tissue from eight men who died sometime after receiving a heart from a female donor. The patients had lived with their new hearts for anywhere from 4 to 552 days.
Anversa's team found that up to 20% of the cells in the men's heart muscle and small blood vessels called arterioles and capillaries bore the Y chromosome. Even the patient who died 4 days after his transplant had Y-bearing cells in the donor heart.
According to the researchers, this suggests that the recipients' own primitive cells moved into the foreign heart and matured to aid in the "remodeling" of the organ.
In addition, when they looked at a small group of autopsied normal hearts, the investigators found small populations of immature cells. This gives further evidence that there is a "stem-cell population normally there that helps regenerate the heart," Anversa explained.
The discovery of primitive cells in normal hearts is one of the most intriguing findings of this remarkable study.
If researchers can figure out how to mobilize self-repair cells in the heart, they could become an important weapon against a "host of disorders" including coronary artery disease and heart muscle conditions.
STUDY: Eat your Tumeric
JOURNAL: ENVIRONMENTAL MUTAGENESIS, 2000, Vol 465, Iss 1-2, pp 131-137
ABSTRACT: Dietary antioxidants are showing evidence of preventing chromosomal damage in non-tumor cells, which is induced by anti-tumor drugs.
COMMENTARY: Curcumin is a dietary antioxidant that has been reported to protect against disruption or breakages in chromosomes.
A study investigated the effects of curcumin on chromosomal aberrations in rat bone marrow cells and whether there is any enhancement of these effects with the combination of curcumin and vitamin C. Animals treated with curcumin plus a single dose of cisplatin (an anti-tumor drug), between 18-72 hours after the drug.
The results showed a significant reduction in the total amount of chromosomal damage and in the number of abnormal metaphases (2nd stage of cell division). Thus, curcumin could prevent damage to chromosomes, caused by a tumor suppressor drug, by acting as a free radical scavenger.
Glycyrrhizin, an active component of liquorice roots, and replication of SARS-associated coronavirus.June 10th, 2004 , by admin
STUDY: Licorice for SARS
JOURNAL: Lancet (2003Jun14)
AUTHORS: Cinatl J ,Morgenstern B ,Bauer G ,Chandra P ,Rabenau H ,Doerr HW
ABSTRACT: The outbreak of SARS warrants the search for antiviral compounds to treat the disease. At present, no specific treatment has been identified for SARS-associated coronavirus infection.
COMMENTARY: We assessed the antiviral potential of ribavirin, 6-azauridine, pyrazofurin, mycophenolic acid, and glycyrrhizin against two clinical isolates of coronavirus (FFM-1 and FFM-2) from patients with SARS admitted to the clinical centre of Frankfurt University, Germany.
Of all the compounds, glycyrrhizin was the most active in inhibiting replication of the SARS-associated virus. Our findings suggest that glycyrrhizin should be assessed for treatment of SARS.
STUDY: Asian fruit kills Herpes virus
JOURNAL: J Infect Dis 2000 Aug;53(4):156-61
AUTHORS: Wetprasit N, Threesangsri W, Klamklai N,
ABSTRACT: It appears that the lectin from Jackfruit inhibits herpesvirus.
COMMENTARY: Jackfruit lectin (JFL) from Artocarpus heterophyllus has been found to
exhibit inhibitory activity in vitro with a cytopathic effect towards
herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), and
The 50% inhibitory dose values from plaque reduction assay (inactivation) were 2.5, 5, and 10 Eg/ml of JFL for HSV-2, VZV, and CMV, respectively. Lymphocyte proliferation was significantly increased in the presence of the JFL in the concentration range of 2.5 to 50 Eg/ml, but was reduced at 500 Eg/ml. It was found that CD16(+)/CD56(+) cells (natural killer cells) were induced among the
primary lymphocyte subpopulations.
The activity of natural killer (NK)cells was not affected by JFL in the concentration range of 5 to 500 Eg/ml. These data suggest that JFL is mitogenic for NK lymphocyte(CD16(+)/CD56(+)) and also active against HSV-2, VZV, and CMV.
You can get this fruit at asian grocery stores.